International Facilities & Service
CONCOR was incorporated in March 1988 as a Public Sector Enterprise under the Ministry of Railways with the prime objective of developing modern multimodal transport logistics and infrastructure to support the country's growing international trade.
The company commenced operations on November 1, 1989, by taking over seven Inland Container Depots from the Indian Railways located at Delhi, Ludhiana, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Guwahati, Guntur and Anaparti. Since then, CONCOR has developed a vast network of container terminals at prime locations all over the country. At present, it has a total of 50 Exim Terminals (Rail / Road linked ICDs and Port Side Container Terminals (PSCTs), with another 11 in the pipeline.
Containerization of exports and imports does not begin and end at the ports. CONCOR provides transport linkages between ports and the hinterland. Regular container trains are run to and from ports to CONCOR's terminals in the hinterland. Some of the terminals are also served by road. With liberalization and opening up of the India economy, lowering of import tariffs and reduction in the number of commodities whose import/export was prohibited by the Government, there is an increasing trend of containerized imports/exports into/from India. Along with the growth of container business at Indian Ports, the level of containerization itself is increasing.
The advantages of containerized movement to the hinterland are self evident; a major plus being the decongestion of ports which would lead to higher turnover and added growth. CONCOR'S existing presence at port-towns is sizeable. CONCOR's Terminals in Mumbai at New-Mulund & Dronagiri cater to the Jawaharlal Nehru Port. Similarly, we have presence at Tondiarpet and the Harbour of Madras for Chennai Port, and Majherhat terminal at Kolkata cater to Kolkata & Haldia Ports. CONCOR facilities are also located at Cochin, Tuticorin and Vishakapatnam. A CONCOR CFSs at Paradip Port and Mundra Port is also to come up shortly.
Presence in the port towns, in addition to the hinterland, would help tie-up both end points of the shipment route facilitating control over the entire logistics chain. Carrying the strategy further, CONCOR may also consider operating container berths in greenfield ports in order to provide integrated transportation logistics solutions to customers. Having already developed requisite expertise in operating hinterland terminals, port terminals should not pose any technical problems for CONCOR.
One of the major thrusts in improving the quality of service in area of EXIM business has come with the introduction of new State-of-the-art Rolling Stock by CONCOR for running long lead export and import special trains to and from the gateway ports. Around 13103 High speed flat wagons have already been deployed and another 2270 odd are in the pipeline, including 1,825 BCS wagons with an axle load of 25 Tons facilitating movement of heavy cargo. These wagons run at higher speeds (100kmph) and are considered safer than conventional railway wagons. They have contributed significantly in reducing transits and improving the reliability of EXIM train services.
To meet the growth in EXIM traffic at some of its terminals, and to meet the challenge head on, CONCOR is acquiring more and more modern container handling equipment as well. At present, CONCOR owns as many as 70 Reach Stackers, 16 Rail Tyre Gantry Cranes/Rail Mounted Gantry Cranes and 34 Reefer Packs.
The total EXIM warehousing space available for CONCOR is presently approximately 2.8 million sq. feet, with facilities for storing bonded cargo, multi stacking, consolidation of LCL cargo etc. besides conventional transit warehousing. CONCOR has plans of introducing value-added services like Palletisation/Fumigation of cargo, Repacking/strapping of cargo etc. at all its terminals. Though presently CONCOR is providing this service through contractors at some of its EXIM terminals, these services are proposed to be extended, and once they have been introduced, CONCOR will be able to provide almost all warehousing-related services to its users.
CONCOR sees its future growth in accessing the untapped potential market within the country by opening more terminal facilities. The global trend in containerization of general cargo, particularly in relation to international trade has been rapid from the 1960's. The container traffic handling at all Indian gateway ports has grown at a CAGR of 6.84% during last ten years period, with numbers going up from 7.58 million TEUs in 2007-08 to 14.69 million TEUs in 2017-18. Of total container handled at Indian Ports, CONCOR at present moves 12%. There is therefore intrinsic potential for further growth in CONCOR business apart from the push given by increase in foreign trade.As a CFS operator, CONCOR provides a number of value added services:
- Transit warehousing for import export cargo.
- Bonded warehousing, which helps importers to store import cargo and take partial deliveries as and when required, thereby deferring duty payment.
- Provision of air cargo complexes in some terminals
- Consolidation of LCL cargoes
- Reefer movements